Saturday, August 21, 2010

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Ivermectin Treatment

1. Posting ini bertujuan untuk merekodkan perubatan budgie saya menggunakan Ivermectin.

2. Pada pandangan saya, Ivermectin ialah suatu cecair yang lut sinar yang boleh menyerap ke dalam liang darah hanya dengan menitiskannya di kulit haiwan. Tetapi harus diingat, ia juga boleh menyerap ke dalam kulit manusia juga.

3. Apa kegunaan dan faedah Ivermectin akan diterangkan di bawah selepas saya merekodkan perubatan Ivermectin kepada budgie saya.

4. Titisan ivermectin ini boleh dilakukan 6 bulan sekali = 2 kali setahun. Dalam artikel di bawah, ia mengesyorkan penggunaan Ivermectin 1% steril. Bagaimanapun saya menggunakan hanya Ivermectin 0.1% sahaja, maksudnya ubat ini cair sedikit kandungan dadahnya. Nampaknya selepas seminggu ada juga perubahan +ve i.e burung lebih aktif.
Apa yang penting Ivermectin ini mampu untuk membunuh kuman dalaman mahupun kutu/hama di luar badan budgie.

5. Rekod Perubatan Budgie saya;
1. 15.08.2010 Budgie skyblue / biru laut
2. 15.08.2010 Budgie blueCobalt / Biru gelap

6. Di bawah adalah artikel tentang hama dan perubatannya menggunakan Ivermectin. Artikel ini telah mendapat kebenaran daripada Mr. Barrie Shutt pemilik blog
http://www.officialbarrieshuttbudgerigars.com. Thank you Mr. Barrie.



Air Sac Mites
7. Symptoms ; Sneezing, coughing, wheezing, squeaking, wet nostrils, and labored / open -mouth breathing. Other symptoms include tail bobbing, weakness, weight loss and sneezing and clicking sounds while breathing. Those symptoms are often more noticeable after a strenuous activity, such as after a flight.

8. TREATMENT :Ivermectin - a Systemic treatment which kills Internal and External Parasites

9. INTERNAL : Worms, Air Sac Mites

10. EXTERNAL : Red Mite, Feather mites, Lice etc.
SYSTEMIC : This means that it can be absorbed through the skin into theblood stream and if You do not wear protective rubber gloves it will be absorbed through YOUR SKIN and into Your Bloodstream also. This can give you a very unpleasant taste in your mouth - some people have quite a nasty reaction to the effects and it can make you feel pretty ill. Once the Air Sac Mites have entered the respiratory system the need for Ivermectin is apparent. Hold the bird in your one hand and either blow the feathers to the side or wet the feathers of the neck under the bill and comb them to the sides exposing the trachea or windpipe.

11. If one bird is diagnoised with air sac mites all your birds must be treated.

12.Sometimes upon careful inspection and the use of a light source on the side of the neck you may even see the mites as tiny black spots under theskin and located along the trachea, (depending on how bad the infestation).Place a healthy drop of Ivermectin directly upon this area and hold the bird until the Ivermectin has absorbed.Remember the rubber gloves! Do this once every two weeks for a total of three treatments in infected birds.

13. This will help to kill mites in the larva, and egg stage, that may not be affected by the first application.Placing Ivermectin under the wing or back of the head will only slow the eradication process down as it has to absorb into the blood stream and then be carried to the area of infestation.

14. Prepare a clean cage (clean thoroughly with vinegar and water and left in the sun to dry) Ivermectin to be used for birds should have 1% sterile solution obtainable from your Vet.Horse wormers contain 1.87% of Ivermectin, which would be too strong for birds.

15. Air Sac Mite - courtesy of Vetafarm,Australia. A cough, a splutter an air sac mite.

16. Air Sac Mite are very common in the Gouldian Finch and the Canary. The mite is notorious for causing deaths in Gouldians and may be partly responsible for the drop in the wild Gouldian populations. The mites are certainly responsible for the typical coughing canary.

17. Air Sac Mite (Sternostoma tracheacolum) is a 0.2 - 0.3 mm long, grey or black mite that lives in the lungs and air sacs of the bird. The life cycle is somewhat bizarre females lay eggs in the lungs, eggs hatch quickly to become nymphs and then sub adults. Once they have had a blood meal the females move to the air sacs while the males stay put in the lungs to mature. Female mite move up into the syrinx, windpipe and sinuses with mature egg laying females returning to the lungs to lay their eggs.

18. The total time from hatching to maturity is thought to be no more than 6 - 8 days. Interestingly the mites have also been found in water, on perches and in food for such a small mite they are amazingly active!

19. Transmission is usually between birds in close contact, via regurgitation at feeding and courtship. Female mite in the environment can crawl onto head feathers and infect other birds, this explains the transmission of the mite across the wire barrier of cages.

20. Because they are so active, the mite can cause damage to all parts of the respiratory system. The mite droppings and body will cause an allergic type response in the lungs leading to difficulty breathing and respiratory noise. In the wild, a reduction of respiratory function is fatal as birds can no longer fly to feed and water, (infection rate in the wild has been measured at 63%).

21. In aviaries, it is a longer slower process but will still lead to death as the bird becomes more and more debilitated. Mite infections may also lead to a drop in reproduction. Preventative treatments are necessary for all Gouldian and Canary facilities. Treatment involves using an insecticide to kill the adult mite and maintaining treatment long enough to kill all the newly hatched mites.

22. Household insect sprays can be used by covering the cage and giving a short burst of spray into a covered cage. This treatment is reasonably effective but must be repeated regularly as it does not touch the unhatched eggs.More suitable is the application of an Air Sac Treatment containing ivermectin. When formulated correctly the ivermectin is absorbed through the skin and acts over about a week. The bird should be treated once weekly for 3 weeks. Look for a formulation suited for birds the cattle pour on products are not suitable and will give a massive overdose of drug and may be fatal to the bird.

23. The use of ivermectin in water is discouraged. Ivermectin as a chemical does not like water and starts to break down quickly as soon as it is added to the water. The variables of in water administration combined with the destruction of the chemical make this method of treatment very hit and miss.

24. Apply the drops at a rate of 1 drop per bird under 50 grams and 2 drops per 100 grams for larger birds. The drops should be applied to an unfeathered part of the skin location does not matter. Response to the treatment will take a day or two and the birds will recover well. Remember to treat all birds at the same time not just affected birds.

25. Air Sac Mite Treatments need to be given at least 3 times a year. Because the mite can roam free in the aviary, a whole aviary clean down and spray with Avian Insect Liquidator (Vetafarm) must be done immediately after treating the birds. If treatment is not rapidly effective you will need to consult with your avian veterinarian, or Vetafarm, about a more intensive programme.

. Best regards,

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